Romanian dating traditions validating files steam

In the 16th century some refugees from the Spanish expulsion came to Walachia from the Balkan Peninsula.

For the Jews, the guild was really the legal body of the community.Table of Contents: Romania The territory of present-day Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity and Jewish tombstones dating from early times have been found there.The Jews may have come as merchants or in other capacities with the Roman legions that garrisoned the country from 101 C. and early missionary activity in Dacia may have been due to the existence of Jewish groups there.Yet his prestige was slight, and learned rabbis were considered by the Jews as their real spiritual leaders.The growing Russian and Galician element in the Romanian Jewish population at the beginning of the 19th century opposed the hakham bashi, since such an institution was unknown to them and many of them were followers of Hasidism and led by zaddikim.In 1579, the sovereign of Moldavia, Petru Schiopul (Peter the Lame), ordered the banishment of the Jews on the grounds that they were ruining the merchants.In the Danube harbors, it was the Greek and Bulgarian merchants who incited riots against the Jews, especially during Easter.Many of the Jews were craftsmen, such as furriers, tailors, boot makers, tinsmiths, and watchmakers.From an early date, one of the main components of anti-Jewish hatred in Romania was commercial competition.Anti-Jewish excesses that occurred in the neighboring countries often extended to Romania.In 16, Cossacks invaded Romania, murdering a great number of Jews in Jassy.